The land of saints, scholars, and rappers

Over forty years have passed since the birth of hip hop in the United States, since then it’s become one of the most popular genres of music among young people. However, across the pond Ireland’s hip hop scene can escape you almost entirely, unless you put in the effort to seek some out.  In fact, unless you go searching for Irish rappers, it can be hard to ever hear their material, or know what Irish rap is all about.


“It’s a really self-contained culture, the same people have been at the gigs since I started going, and that’s 13 years ago” explained Gary ‘Nugget’ Nugent.

Gary “Nugget” Nugent

Rapping since he was 17, Nugget shares how he feels there has been a lull in the last few years and that the Irish hip hop scene has stopped moving forward as rapidly as it had been.  While the genre has never been more popular, he thinks the lack of rap battles and better organised gigs are holding Irish hip-hop back from being taken seriously by a wider audience.


“I think the accent puts some people off at first, people think of an American accent when they think of rap music, but the diversity of the Irish accent is a key defining feature of Irish hip hop,” he added.


The comedic storytelling with the unique Irish humour and the variety of tones, accents and backgrounds are other defining features of Irish hip hop, according to Alan Newman.  “I suppose it comes from the background of the Irish being good poets.  Irish rappers are the poets of this generation, Irish rap is just real, and it deals with real issues and real people” he said.

Alan Newman. Photo: Jason O’Callaghan


In 2014 Alan set up Boss Level Series, a group that brought Irish rappers together to collaborate on music projects.  The producer and rapper who moved to London when he was a ten year-old credits his time spent living in the UK for his musical interests.


“The music in the places I was living was eclectic.  I was hearing reggae and afro beats for the first time.  It was a culture of cliques of rap artists collaborating and I was trying to achieve something similar with Boss Level over here when I came back” he said.   


While the Irish rap scene is a lot smaller in size than that of the UK and US, the talent is not lacking. Ireland has a long history of famous poets and storytellers, and a generation of Irish hip hop artists are emerging hoping to rival the likes of Joyce and Wilde.


“Some of the most talented and lyrical emcees I have ever heard are from Ireland, there’s a very poetic value to it here.  Most of us rap about what we know or what we see, it’s not all about sex, drugs and money like in other countries, but you still get some of that” explained rapper James Costello.

James Costello

Costello says the inspiration for his raps come from things he sees walking around North Dublin.  “I like to tell a story with my raps but I’ve been fortunate to not have many struggles myself” he said. “I write about the things I see walking around places like Finglas and Ballymun, near my home, and what life’s like for my friends, family and other people living there,” he added.


Getting the support of the media and the general population has been an ongoing struggle for Irish hip hop artists.  “It’s hard to get over people’s misconceptions about what Irish rap is” explained Nugget. “Some people just think it’s a joke, it’s very hard to get something on TV or radio promoting Irish rap in a serious way.”


However it doesn’t help that Irish rap keeps getting compared to its US and UK counterparts, explains Alan Newman.  “I’d love to see Irish hip hop appreciated for what it is, and not constantly compared to things it’s not.  Like should be compared with like; you wouldn’t compare Dizzee Rascal to Kendrick Lamar so you shouldn’t compare Irish hip hop to US hip hop” he said.


One of the biggest struggles for rappers and producers making Irish hip hop is financial strain.  “Paying for studio time, a producer to make beats if you don’t do it yourself, and someone to do music videos costs a lot” said Costello.


But it’s not all struggles and negativity; some great things come from having such a small contained sub-culture.  “Everybody knows everybody really, and there’s a lot of respect among the artists, it’s kind of like a friendly competitiveness,” explains Costello.  


While all have differing opinions on what defines Irish hip hop, be it storytelling, the poetry or the Irish humour, one opinion they all shared was that the Irish accent and the purity of the craft is what makes Irish hip hop special.


(Originally published in FILTR magazine

Dublin Flea Christmas Market

Dublin Flea Market, a new fixture in The Liberties with its home in Newmarket Square, will be hosting its 5th annual Christmas Flea Market this year.


Dublin Flea Market, a new fixture in The Liberties with its home in Newmarket Square, will be hosting its 5th annual Christmas Flea Market this year.

The last four years the market has been held over the river in Smithfield however the space previously used was no longer available so they had to go in search of a new home.  “It was tough to find a location large enough to hold our market in,” said Aisling Rogerson of Dublin Flea.


“We wanted a location that highlighted the beautiful old buildings in the city that have been left unused and empty for many years, as is our ethos with Dublin Flea. That’s when we found the old John Player Factory, which is an iconic building with loads of character that hasn’t been open to the public for at least 10 years” she added.

However at the last minute the venue had to be changed when the John Player Factory withdrew the go-ahead to hold the Flea market there.  After putting out a cry for help on Facebook, and getting many offers they finally confirmed the new venue will be The Point Village, beside the 3 Arena.

In the build up to the market the Dublin Flea team have been very busy making sure electricals, plumbing, food preparation areas and signage are all in check before the big weekend.


“The stalls for the market have just been confirmed and will still include some of the favourite flea stalls where you can haggle and bargain to your hearts content.  There will also be some stalls focused around design and craft with all local Irish designers and artists, and of course more Christmas and gift orientated stalls for all your holiday shopping needs. It’s like a mini festival really with the variety of stuff we have” Aisling said.

The Christmas Cracker Market will be home to over many market stalls for three days from the 11th – 13th of December, In the new venue of The Point Village.  With 110 stalls it is the largest indoor market in Ireland.

Camden Exchange Review

Camden Street’s newest addition opened its doors about a month ago, and I thought I’d try something different, and something different was exactly what I got.


Right in the heart of Camden Street, Camden Exchange is in a prime location that some may recognise as being the site of the old National Bank.  It was also used as a storefront in filming the RTÉ series Raw.


With craft beers, cocktails, food and low playing indie music you could say Camden Exchange is no different to any hip new place to eat. However with food bursting with flavour being served until midnight, and at great prices, Camden Exchange does indeed have something new to offer.

Chicken breast in Korean hot sauce with pickled carrot and cucumber, Asian slaw served on a Bretzel bap. Photo: Mary Kate Hickey.


The unusual décor is a real talking point from the minute you walk in, with little booths, wraparound leather couches, and food being served from a vintage truck sitting neatly in the middle of the restaurant.


The atmosphere is chilled and relaxed, just like the friendly staff who work in comfort in jeans and high-top runners.


After ordering a cocktail and a cider we took a look through the wonderfully simplistic menu, when we realised that the drinks menu has a larger variety than the food. With a vast selection of craft beers and some unique sounding cocktails it is clear that the drinks menu is where the main focus is.


That said, the simplicity of the food menu has something quite likeable about it. Its layout of “pig” with the pork option underneath or “cow” with the beef option underneath is a unique take on the dining experience with only one meal under each heading.


We ordered one starter between us, the shrimp skewers, the portion was quite small for two, as they are not really designed for two. The bloody Mary sauce with them was incredible though and I would definitely recommend getting it.


Packed full of flavour, the mains are a steal at only €8 each and adding fries costs only an extra €2. Trust me you’ll want to try the fries.

The rolled pork belly on sourdough bread with chorizo jam deserves an honourable mention for its mixture of mouth-watering flavours blending perfectly together. While the chicken dish served with cucumber, stewed carrot, and Korean hot sauce in either a bap or a salad is a refreshing twist on the average chicken option.

If you want to try something new and enjoy letting your taste buds do the thinking for a while, then I really suggest you try out Camden Exchange for something new and exciting.

(Originally published in The Liberty



Mary Kate Hickey

As the rain poured down on the thousands of men, women, children and dogs gathered for the fifth annual March for Choice, a loud cheer could be heard from the crowd to mark the start of our journey.

Neither the rain nor bus strikes were able to deter the thousands of campaigners, young and old, coming to show their opposition to the Eighth Amendment.  It is estimated that in all over 20,000 people showed up to march their way to Leinster House.

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Sweatshirts, t-shirts, hats and even umbrellas emblazoned with the word “REPEAL” acted as the uniform of choice for the marchers.  Among those in a REPEAL sweatshirt was Marie Mitchell, a mother from Sandyford, showing her support to the Abortion Rights campaign. “I’m a mother of two, a son and a daughter.  My daughter is 20 and I would like for her, and any woman, to have the choice over what they do with their own body,” she said.

The theme of this year’s rally was “Rise and Repeal” which is a reference to the Constitution and the Eighth Amendment, which equates the life of an unborn baby to that of the mother.  And like a rising it felt, with drums, homemade drums and loudspeakers aplenty among the crowd, there was no way it couldn’t have been heard all across the city.

Morale among the crowd was high despite the weather, and campaigners were happy to share their stories of why they felt the need to march in the rain for the right to choice.  Rebecca from Tipperary shared her story: “Today I’m marching with Tipp for Choice in honour of my friend Claire who lost her baby Alex to a fatal foetal abnormality. What Claire and Alex went through was pure tragedy and we have to stop punishing tragedy in this country by repealing the Eighth.”


Another person marching was Tanya from Kilkenny. “I set up Kilkenny For Choice this year and I’m marching today because last year, 35 women from Kilkenny had to travel to England to avail of medical services that they need, which is not fair. It’s 2016 [and] women have been denied their rights for far too long. We need to move on to the 21st Century and give women the care they need,”  she said.

The high morale was made ever clearer with chants of “not the church, not the state, women must decide their fate”, “pro-life, that’s a lie, you don’t care if women die,” and “get your rosaries off my ovaries”, keeping us going all the way to Merrion Square.

These chants, along with banners and signs told a story that many Irish women know all too well, a story that these campaigners are seeking to put an end to.  Robin, from Germany but living in Ireland was one of the many people carrying banners.  He said: “I’m here today because I believe every woman should have the right to choose, and I believe in a broader sense that the Eighth also calls into question everyone’s freedom to make choices over their own body, which is a scary thought.”

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Walking along the route with the marchers was an eye-opening experience as you get to hear first-hand stories from them as to why they are there.  Claire Loughran from Naas said: “I’m marching today because I think it is an archaic law and it’s about time Ireland gave women the right to their own bodies.” Accompanying Claire was Heather Law, also from Naas, who added: “I’m marching because I think bodily autonomy is an important thing that everyone should have the right to.”

Marchers travelled from all over the country to show their support. James Doyle from Limerick was one of them. “I just think women should have the right to choose what they do with their own bodies, and the state and the church shouldn’t have a say in something so personal,” he said.


Some people also felt that it was their time to give back, like Luke from Galway, who said he was marching to thank everyone for the yes vote in the Marriage Referendum last year.  “I’m marching today because so many people marched with the YES EQUALITY movement, and now it’s my turn to return the favour and help people have the right to choose what they do with their own bodies.”


The streets of the city along the route were littered with people attentively watching our journey from one end of the city to the next.  Some even stopping in their tracks to applaud us in support.  Others there from the opposition, to have their opinions on the right to life heard.

Counter arguments from the Pro-Life side came at one stage in the form of two men, one holding a picture of the Virgin Mary, and one waving a flag.  Both were saying that “abortion stops a beating heart” to the marchers.

Members of the Pro-Life campaign also held a counter demonstration on Grafton Street, where they claimed that around 100,000 lives have been saved in Ireland due to not having abortion on demand. (Based on figures of Irish women travelling to UK for abortions and those in UK having abortions.)

*Some people weren’t comfortable giving their full names, but all agreed to have their opinions published with a degree of anonymity.*

(Originally Published on


By Mary Kate Hickey

Living within walking distance of the city centre, I could write a book on some of the things I’ve seen on my daily commute.

A lot of these stories involve cyclists, and with a record number of 11,000 commuters pedaling their way into the city every day – according to Dublin City Council and the National Transport Authority’s (NTA) annual traffic count – it’s no wonder.


Cycling in Dublin quite frankly scares me, and I personally don’t see myself ever attempting it.  That said cyclists in Dublin also terrify me – they zoom along between cars and buses, on pedestrian walkways and can regularly be seen running red lights.

I don’t hate cyclists but rather have a strong dislike; simply because so many find it difficult to adhere to the rules of the road.  My main issue with cyclists is the lack of respect they have for pedestrians, and pedestrian walkways.

I’ve had many personal experiences with this. Most memorably, I was walking across Millennium Bridge when a man pulled out in front of me on his bike, nearly knocking me over – something many Dubliners have experienced.  By the time I composed myself enough to tell him that he was cycling on a pedestrianised bridge, he was already cycling the wrong way down the Quays.

Another seemingly common trait amongst cyclists is their habit of breaking red lights, having no concern for themselves or others in doing so.  A friend of mine recently told me a story when she was crossing the road with her child, a cyclist breaking the traffic lights almost hit her child in her stroller.  The lights are there not only for the safety of pedestrians, but for drivers and cyclists too. Had there been traffic going in another direction, that cyclist put themselves and others at risk, all for the sake of saving a minute or two.


As well as this sheer lack of concern for others, some cyclists seem to have very little concerns for their own safety.  Many cyclists in the city forego wearing a helmet, to protect themselves if they are unfortunate enough to get in an accident.  A lot of cyclists also never wear high-vis gear, or have lights on their bikes, making them invisible to drivers and pedestrians, especially at night.

With cyclists sometimes choosing not to use the cycle lanes, drivers have to be vigilant and look on both sides of their vehicle for them. Without lights, and high-vis gear, this makes the drivers’ job to see them a lot more difficult.

With the volume of cyclists on the roads, going down one way streets in the opposite direction might save time – but I’ve often seen cyclists going the wrong way on one way streets, again putting themselves in danger.

The final thing that annoys me about cyclists is the sense of entitlement they have over the road.  Many cyclists seem to think they can cycle wherever they like, whenever they like and not follow the rules of the road.  The rules are there for the safety of everyone, and I think if everyone followed them correctly the roads of this city would be a safer place.


(Originally posted on


By Rachel D’Arcy, Sarah Ruane and Mary Kate Hickey

Spending on young people’s programming by RTÉ decreased steadily from 2013, The City can reveal. This news comes as it was announced that in-house production on Young People’s programming is set to face the axe. RTÉ announced in November that from 2017, all their young people’s programming will be outsourced to independent production companies. However, that decision has been postponed temporarily while discussions with staff continue.

In figures released to The City through the Freedom of Information Act 2014 (FOI), Young People’s programming saw a 15% decrease in spending from 2013 onward. There was a 4.3% decrease on spending in the young people’s sector within RTÉ in 2015.


While young people’s broadcasting will continue to be shown on RTÉ 1, RTÉ 2 and RTÉ Jr, production of RTÉ’s own young people’s programming – such as Swipe TV and Two Tube – will be abandoned by the state broadcaster amid claims that outsourcing will provide ‘greater value for money in a challenging financial environment’.

In terms of broadcasting time, young people’s programming saw a cut in their hours broadcast during peak time for the station. In 2014, RTÉ broadcast 24 hours of children’s television, which reduced to just 15 hours in 2015 – a 37.5% decrease.

“RTÉ is not reducing its commitment to young people’s programmes, nor is it reducing spend,” the broadcaster stated. Even though young people’s programming will be outsourced, RTÉ claims that they are not going to outsource children’s programming abroad. Rather, they will be allowing independent production companies and animation companies within Ireland to pitch new ideas and programmes to their young viewers.

RTÉ Trade Union Group (TUG) are not happy with the recent revelation claiming that the decision was made without any consultation with trade unions.

“There is no justification for the manner in which this decision was taken and this cavalier attitude to unions and staff only compounds the bad decision,” said TUG Chair, Shirley Bradshaw.

Another person who has publicly voiced their outrage over the decision is Paula Lambert, the voice of Bosco and daughter of Wanderly Wagon’s Eugene Lambert. Ms. Lambert described how cutting children’s TV was always the easy option for RTÉ in the past.


“It brought back incredibly bad memories for me. I remember Wanderly Wagon was axed and how it was done, and it hurt my dad back in the day. It happened with me with Bosco and it just brought back all these memories of how badly people are treated by RTÉ,” she said.

Following the TUG statement, RTÉ accepted that there had been insufficient consultation before the announcement and that further talks would therefore have to take place. These discussions are set to take place before January 31 2017.

While 2013 saw the introduction of RTÉ Jr, a channel specifically for children, which featured programming indigenous to RTÉ as well as acquired content, from this year onward RTÉ Jr will show programming entirely acquired from independent sources.

Most of RTÉ’s programming saw a decrease in 2015, however, factual television such as Nationwide saw an increase of 56 hours in 2015 compared to the 2014 figures.

As well as a decrease in broadcast hours, RTÉ’s spending on programming fell as a whole in 2015. RTÉ spent €1,149,000 less on television programming last year, a small 0.79% decrease. In house productions by RTÉ were down 7% in 2015 compared to 2014, however programming commissioned and acquired by the broadcaster increased by almost 17% in the same period.


Even though there was a decrease in spend, RTÉ’s financial income increased in 2015 compared to the previous year.  They received €178.9m from the television licence fee in 2015, up 0.16% since 2014. They also had an increase of 3.7% in their commercial revenue over the same period.  At the end of 2015, RTÉ had a cash, and cash equivalent, figure of €22,746,000, up 34.6% increase from the previous year.

Young people’s programming within RTÉ has still been cut despite the overall increase in income received, and in cash and cash equivalents, with more time and money being invested in factual programming over the years. It is yet to be seen where RTÉ will invest the money in the coming year.


By Mary Kate Hickey & Rachel D’Arcy

Ireland has been named as one of the top three countries in Europe for social media usage by businesses.

In figures posted by the CSO, it showed that Ireland came second to top, just behind Malta. 64% of Irish businesses, employing 10 people or more, used some form of social media in 2015 – an increase of 16% since 2013. The EU average for social media usage, such as Twitter or Facebook, in a business is 39%.

“I have to say I am surprised by those statistics,” said social media expert at Fuzion PR, Greg Canty. “I do social media training for local enterprises and I am astounded by the amount that aren’t on Facebook, Twitter and the likes. Perhaps this could be due to us having a big SME (small medium enterprise) culture in Ireland, and maybe smaller businesses are embracing social media more than larger ones who may get caught up and feel more anxious about it,” he commented.


Malta had the highest percentage of enterprises utilising social media at 72%, with the Netherlands coming in third, with 63% of Dutch businesses using social media for promotion or otherwise. Poland ranked bottom of the list, with just 22% of Polish businesses utilising social media in their businesses.

“I think many businesses may misunderstand how to effectively use social media. A lot wonder how they can use social media presence to get more sales,” Greg explained.

“I think social media can give businesses a platform to have a conversation with their clients, and not hit them over the head with goods and services they are trying to sell them,” Greg said, on how effectively he thinks Irish businesses are using social media.


In data released by Eurostat, it shows that Irish enterprises upped their usage of Twitter and similar sites by 3% since 2015, with 30% of businesses now using the microblogging site. YouTube usage also increased by an impressive 7%, meaning that 21% of Irish businesses now use multimedia websites to promote their products or                                                                                                                               services.

“A lot of businesses push out posts, but don’t take the time to engage with customers on a personal level. Social media gives businesses an opportunity to show their own personality, which is difficult to do on a website or in an ad campaign,” Greg said.  He added that businesses could even use social media to share stories about the team that works in the company, and really engage with their customers on a more personal level, to humanise the business.

“I’d also advise businesses that if they’re going to exist on social media, then put in the effort and really exist – don’t half do it.  These things need to be maintained at a professional level to keep an open and interesting conversation with customers.  By responding to customers on social media, businesses  can make themselves look really good and customer friendly, and it’s really easy to do,” Greg added.

As well as increasing social media usage as a form of promotion, a whopping 53% of large Irish businesses had e-commerce sales. These e-commerce sales accounted for 50% of all total sales, meaning half of all sales by Irish businesses included in the survey are made online. “E-Commerce has become a big player in the Irish market, and I think that’s due to it making the ‘pain in the arse’ tasks a lot easier to do. Reliable online shopping makes the annoying tasks less so,” Greg explained.


However, more businesses made online purchases than sales.  70% of larger Irish enterprises made purchases online in 2015, which accounted for 42% of overall purchases by large businesses.  Medium businesses made around 20% of their total purchases online, with 58% of this size of enterprise purchasing materials or services online.  44% of small businesses made purchases online, or 12% of small business purchases overall.

“Without a shadow of a doubt it is imperative that businesses use social media in this day and age,” Greg told us.

“It’s all about storytelling – telling the customer about who you are – and now social media gives businesses a chance to have a conversation with customers to add to their story.  Engaging with the customer is where that little piece of magic lies in selling a business I think.”